Lat: 76.7°S, Long: 16.9°W, Diam: 78 km, Depth: 5.54 km, Rükl: 73
Clementine In this complicated cluster of craters Newton is the moderate sized circular crater near the top with a small peak at its center. It overlays smooth-floored 67-km Newton G on the south; and is overlain by Newton D, the 37-km circular crater inside the northeast rim. 64-km Newton A completes the line of large overlapping craters visible from Earth. It is cut off at the bottom of this image, with just the shadowed inner wall of its north rim showing. The little half-moon scallop on Newton's northwest rim is unnamed; nor does the broad bumpy extension to Newton's southeast appear to be part of any named crater.
(IAU Directions) NEWTON.--Is situated on the S.W. side of Short, and is the deepest walled-plain on the visible surface. It is of irregular form and about 143 miles in extreme length. One gigantic peak on the W. rises to nearly 24,000 feet above the floor, the greater part of which is always immersed in shadow, so that neither the earth or sun can at any time be seen from it.
- Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Westfall, 2000: 5.54 km
- Viscardy, 1985: 8 km
- Cherrington, 1969: 6.49 km
- Elger was correct about the high rim and he even had the number about right, but the high points seem to be on the east, rather than the west. The shadows in LO-IV-130H2 show two points on the east rim (one to the north and one to the south), where the elevation is roughly 7,500 m (24,600 ft) relative to the floor. Similar, or even taller, rim peaks can be found in Amundsen, Scott, Zeeman, and probably in several other craters as well. The central peak in Newton rises about 1,900 m above the floor. - Jim Mosher
- Named for Sir Isaac Newton (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727), an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist, regarded by many as the greatest figure in the history of science. His treatise Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, laying the groundwork for classical mechanics.
- Although it has always had the present meaning in the IAU nomenclature, according to Elger, the name "Newton" was used by Schröter to refer to a large buried crater just south of Plato which he believed to exist in Mare Imbrium with Mons Pico (and its associates) marking high points of the rim. See Elger's description of Plato. Beer and Mädler apparently thought that crater unworthy of so great a scientist, and moved the name to its present location. - Jim Mosher
- Schröter's feature south of Plato has long been informally referred to as Ancient Newton.- tychocrater Aug 16, 2008
- Harold Hill. A Portfolio of Lunar Drawings, pages XXII, XXIII (how to draw a near-the-limb formation during different librations).
Certain Newtons in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss)
- In Mysterious Universe, a handbook of astronomical anomalies (1979) :
- Page 190: Fingers of Light during Lunar Eclipse (T.H.Davies, Marine Observer, 1964). Note: in this article, a certain K.Newton is mentioned (who was a 2nd Officer aboard a ship which was (or could have been) known as Canopic) (?).
- Page 233: Was the Formation of a 20-km Diameter Impact Crater on the Moon Observed on June 18, 1178? (Jack B. Hartung, Meteoritics, 1976).