Lat: 67.06°S, Long: 4.09°E, Diam: 96 km, Depth: 3.75 km, Rükl: 73
Right: Mario Weigand This Earth-based view is oriented with sourth up. The 61-km crater in the lower left corner is Curtius D. In the extreme upper right corner, a small part of the sunlit inner wall of Moretus can be seen. The 12-km diameter shadowed crater of Curtius's southwest rim (upper right in the Earth-based view) is Curtius A, while the similarly-sized, but older, one on the east rim is Curtius E.
(IAU Directions) CURTIUS.--A magnificent formation, about 50 miles in diameter, with one of the loftiest ramparts on the visible surface, rising at a mountain mass on the N.W. to more than 22,000 feet, an altitude which is only surpassed by peaks on the walls of Newton and Casatus. There is a bright crater on the S.W. border and another on the E. The formation is too near the S. limb for satisfactory scrutiny. Between Curtius and Zach is a fine group of unnamed enclosures.
- IAU page: Curtius
- Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Westfall, 2000: 3.75 km
- Cherrington, 1969: 3.96 km
- Named for Albert Curtz (also known as Curtius) (1600-1671), a German astronomer. He expanded on the works of Tycho Brahe and used the pseudonym of Lucius Barrettus.
- This name has continued unchanged since its original use for this feature on Riccioli's map (Whitaker, p. 211), except that it was there labeled Curtius Soc. I, the Soc. I meaning "Society of Jesus" (see Nomenclature-Jesuits).
- Curtius B, north of Curtius itself, was called Briggi by Van Langren (see page 195 in E.A.Whitaker's Mapping and Naming the Moon).
- Harold Hill. A Portfolio of Lunar Drawings, pages 186, 187.