Promontorium Olivium

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Promontorium Olivium

(discontinued(?) IAU name)

Lat: 15.5°N, Long: 49.3°E, Diameter: km, Depth: km, Rukl: 26

external image normal_Pr_Lavinium-Olviium_LO-IV-191H_LTVT.JPG

external image normal_Prom-Olivium-Lavinium.jpg

Left: LO-IV-191H The names Mare Crisium Delta and Mare Crisium Epsilon (which appeared in Named Lunar Formations) were dropped by the IAU. The names Promontorium Olivium, Promontorium Lavinium and Glaisher X (which appeared in the System of Lunar Craters), no longer appear in the IAU Planetary Gazetteer. The craters partially visible along the left and right edges of this image are Proclus (left) and Yerkes (right). Glaisher is visible at the bottom. Although Promontorium Olivium and Mare Crisium Epsilon were apparently intended to be distinct features in Named Lunar Formations, the name Promontorium Olivium seems to have been extended to include both in the System of Lunar Craters.
Right: Two LROC views (WAC No.'s M119530553ME and M117169050ME) of the region under different lighting conditions. Both images calibrated by LROC_WAC_Previewer.


LPOD Photo Gallery Lunar Orbiter Images


(LAC zone 61B2) LAC map Geologic map LTO map


Bounding the tiny break in the western rim of the Crisium Basin are two headlands that almost meet. To the north is the area east of the crater Proclus P, and to the south is the eastern wall of Glaisher X. Each of these headlands was named in the late 1800s by the English selenographer William Birt. He called the northern one Promontorium Olivium and the southern Promontorium Lavinium. Both of these names were included in Named Lunar Formations and in the System of Lunar Craters, but do not appear in the current list of IAU names. Prom. Olivium is broad and flatly rounded in cross-section, it appears to be the continuation of the Crisium Basin rim. Prom. Lavinium is narrower with a more V-shaped profile - it cast the more dramatic shadow under low illumination. These are conspicuous landmarks and these names should be re-instated.

Additional Information

  • The southwestern slopes of the peak in Promontorium Olivium formerly known as Mare Crisium Epsilon has an odd terraced structure -- like fish scales -- visible in the Lunar Orbiter photo when viewed at higher magnification.
  • Promontorium Olivium is the site of the somewhat infamous O'Neill's Bridge.


  • The name Promontorium Olivium, as well as the names Mare Crisium Delta and Mare Crisium Epsilon, appeared both in the Collated List (1913) and in Named Lunar Formations (1935, where Prom. Olivium was Catalog #99). The coordinates given for Prom. Olivium are extremely close to those for Promontorium Lavinium, suggesting the name referred just to the thin cratered southern tip of the northern headland. The position given forMare Crisium Epsilon corresponded more closely to the main peak, as illustrated by the labels on the Lunar Orbiter image reproduced above. On maps A3 and A4 of the System of Lunar Craters, the names Mare Crisium Delta and Mare Crisium Epsilon were dropped and the outline of Promontorium Olivium was extended up to include that area. However neither Prom. Olivium nor Promontorium Lavinium were labeled on the contemporaneous LAC maps (although Mare Crisium Delta was). Promontorium Olivium does not appear in later lists of IAU-approved nomenclature; yet it also does not appear on any published list of deletions, and the name does not appear to have ever been formally dropped.

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