Lat: 24.5°S, Long: 53.7°W, Diam: 56 km, Depth: 2.55 km, Rükl: 51
Note the inconspicuous rille on the western part of Cavendish's floor, and also the system of rilles to the southeast of Cavendish. According to several sources they were called Rima Cavendish I and Rima Cavendish II (see section Nomenclature below).
(IAU Directions) CAVENDISH.--A notable ring-plain, 32 miles in diameter, S.W. of Mersenius, with a prominently terraced border, rising at one point on the S. to a height of 6,000 feet above the interior, on which are a few low ridges. A large bright ring-plain (e), about 12 miles in diameter, breaks the continuity of the S.W. wall, and adjoining this, but beyond the limits of the formation, is another smaller ring with a central hill. There is also a bright crater on the N.E. border. The E. glacis is very broad, and includes two large shallow depressions. An especially fine valley runs up to the N. wall, to the E. side of e.
Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Westfall, 2000: 2.55 km
- Viscardy, 1985: 2.35 km
- Cherrington, 1969: 3.68 km
- Satellite crater Cavendish E is on the ALPO list of banded craters
- Inconspicuous rille on the western part of Cavendish's floor (Rima Cavendish?).
- Henry Cavendish (October 10, 1731 - February 24, 1810) was a British scientist noted for his discovery of hydrogen or what he called "inflammable air". He described the density of inflammable air, which formed water on combustion, in a 1766 paper "On Factitious Airs". Antoine Lavoisier later reproduced Cavendish's experiment and gave the element its name. Cavendish is also credited with one of the earliest accurate calculations of the density of the earth.
- Rima Cavendish (a name from a daily explorer of the lunar surface for the inconspicuous rille on the western part of the floor of Cavendish).
- Rimae Cavendish (I and II). Chart 78 in the Times Atlas of the Moon shows Rima Cavendish I and Rima Cavendish II between Cavendish, de Gasparis, and de Gasparis B. See also LAC 92, and also Chart SLC-F6 in the System of Lunar Craters. The LPI's red-labeled scan of Lunar Orbiter IV frame LOIV-156-h1 shows them as members of the Rimae de Gasparis system.
- Rimae Cavendish I and II are also mentioned in Tony Dethier's Maanmonografieen, page 237 (V.V.S., Vereniging Voor Sterrenkunde, 1989).