Lat: 40.3°N, Long: 32.9°E, Diam: 28 km, Depth: 2.37 km, Rükl: 14
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(LAC zone 26B3) LAC map Geologic map
(IAU Directions) GROVE.--A bright deep ring-plain, 15 miles in diameter, in the Lacus Somniorum, with a border rising 7,000 feet above a greatly depressed floor, which includes a prominent mountain.
Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Pike, 1976: 2.37 km
- Westfall, 2000: 2.37 km
- Viscardy, 1985: 2.37 km
- Named for Sir William Robert Grove (1811 – 1896), a British chemist born in Swansea in Wales. In 1839, William Robert Grove developed the first fuel cell (which he called the gas voltaic battery), which produced electrical energy by combining hydrogen and oxygen. Grove developed another form of electric cell, the Grove cell, which used zinc and platinum electrodes exposed to two acids and separated by a porous ceramic pot.
- This feature was Catalog number 463 in Mary Blagg's Collated List (1913), where it is noted that the name appears as Grove in the text of Neison, 1876, but as Groves on the map. He does not identify the person being honored. It had also been formerly designated Posidonius D by Beer and Mädler, and as Barth by Julius Schmidt.
- Schmidt note (p. 228) that by using the name Barth he could honor not only the African explorer Heinrich Barth, but also the three generations of the Leipzig family that had helped him with the publication of Lohrmann's maps.
- See also reference 8 on page 116 in Epic Moon (Sheehan/Dobbins).
- The name on Neison's map was selected over Schmidt's, and the feature entered the IAU nomenclature as Groves in Named Lunar Formations (1935).
- Kuiper corrected the spelling to Grove in a list approved by the IAU in 1961.