Lat: 49.6°N, Long: 84.6°W, Diam: 80 km, Depth: 2.47 km, Rükl: 1, Nectarian or pre-Nectarian
LO-IV-188M The IAU-approved feature names in this medium resolution Lunar Orbiter view include: Volta, Repsold, Regnault, Stokes, Langley, Galvani, and Rimae Repsold.
LPOD Photo Gallery Lunar Orbiter Images Apollo Images
(LAC zone 21C3) USGS Digital Atlas PDF
Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Westfall, 2000: 2.47 km
A peculiar oblique impact raycraterlet west of Galvani
A high-albedo crater immediately west of Galvani (which is supposed to be Galvani B according to LAC 21 in the Clementine Atlas) seems to show a curious bright "C"-shape on the western shadowed inner slopes of it (as it is depicted on the LRO's medium resolution ACT-REACT Quick Map). Is this bright "C" the western sunlit rim of the small raycraterlet itself, located on the western part of the larger Galvani B's rim and inner slopes? Further zooming-in shows indeed the small raycraterlet, and also its peculiar appearance as being an oblique impact crater (or is it a common raycraterlet with oblique-impact appearance due to the steepness of Galvani B's inner slope?).
Research Danny Caes
- Luigi Galvani (September 9, 1737 - December 4, 1798) was an Italian physician and physicist. In 1783, according to popular version of the story, Galvani dissected a frog at a table where he had been conducting experiments with static electricity, Galvani's assistant touched an exposed sciatic nerve of the frog with a metal scalpel, which had picked up a charge. At that moment, they saw sparks in an electricity machine and the dead frog's leg kick as if in life. The observation made Galvani the first investigator to appreciate the relationship between electricity and animation — or life. This finding provided the basis for the current understanding that electrical energy (carried by ions), and not air or fluid, is the impetus behind muscle movement. He is typically credited with the discovery of bioelectricity.
- According to Whitaker (p. 224), the name Galvani was originally introduced by Schmidt but the name was moved to the present feature as part of the revisions of the IAU nomenclature by the LPL in the 1960's (p. 235). - Jim Mosher
- Not far from Galvani is a crater which was called Najera by Wilkins and Moore following Antonio Paluzíe Borrell, but the IAUdid not accept that name.
- Antonio De Najera was a Spanish scientist (circa 1650).
- Rimae Galvani (an unofficial name from somebody who want to let the world and the IAU know about the fact that the system of rilles on the floor of Galvani should get its own name).
"Najera": Wilkins and Moore.