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Lat: 54.3°S, Long: 174.6°E, Diam: 88 km, Depth: km, Rükl: (farside)

external image normal_hess-clem1.jpg


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Additional Information


  • This name was added to the IAU nomenclature in Menzel, 1971. It honors two men:
    • Victor Francis Hess (June 24, 1883 – December 17, 1964) was an Austrian-American physicist. By means of instruments carried aloft in balloons, Hess and others proved that radiation that ionizes the atmosphere is of cosmic origin. For his discovery of cosmic rays he won the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics, shared with Carl David Anderson.
    • Harry Hammond Hess (May 24, 1906 – August 25, 1969) was an American geologist and is considered one of the "founding fathers" of the unifying theory of plate tectonics. He is best known for his theories on sea floor spreading, specifically work on relationships between island arcs, seafloor gravity anomalies, and serpentinized peridotite, suggesting that the convection of the Earth's mantle was the driving force behind this process. This work provided a conceptual base for the development of the theory of plate tectonics.
    • Perhaps it's interesting to include Wilmot N. Hess (1926-2004; American physicist involved in NASA's Apollo moon missions).
  • The much smaller astronaut-named crater Hess-Apollo (at Apollo-17's landing site) was also named to honor Harry Hess.

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