(IAU Directions) BIRMINGHAM.-- A large rhomboidal-shaped enclosure, defined by mountain chains and traversed by a number of very remarkable parallel ridges. It is situated nearly due N. of Plato on the N. edge of the Mare Frigoris, and lies on the S.W. side of W.C. Bond, to which it bears a certain resemblance. This region is characterised by the parallelism displayed by many formations, large and small. It is more apparent hereabouts than in any other part of the moon's visible surface. When favourably placed under a low morning sun, Birmingham is a striking telescopic object.
Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Westfall, 2000: 0.83 km
- Cherrington, 1969: 1.7 km
Central peak height
- Sekiguchi, 1972: 0.3 km
Other interior peak heights
- 0.2 km: "A peak standing on the south of a small crater, Birmingham G." - Sekiguchi, 1972
- 0.2 km: "An oblong hill at the south-westerly part of the floor" - Sekiguchi, 1972
- Named for John Birmingham (1814 - 1884) of Millbrook, County Galway, Ireland, an amateur astronomer who discovered the nova T Coronae Borealis (1866). He published a catalogue of red, variable stars and wrote a variety of astronomy articles. (Source: Paul Mohr)
- Other features named after Irish scientists.
- Several hills southwest of Birmingham (at the northern section of Mare Frigoris) received Greek letter designations, see charts 2 and 3 in the Times Atlas of the Moon, and also SLC-section D1. Are some of those hills, or perhaps all of them, part of the formation which was once called Madler's square?
- Mohr, P. 1997. John Birmingham on "A Crater in the Moon". Irish Astronomical Journal, 24(1), p. 59.
- Mohr, P. (1995) Tuam, Rome and Berlin - Letters from John Birmingham - Irish Astronomical Journal, 22(2), 203, 1995.