Banachiewicz (and Knox-Shaw on its floor)
Lat: 5.2°N, Long: 80.1°E, Diam: 92 km, Depth: 1.68 km, Rükl: 38
LO-IV-165H Banachiewicz is the large, faintly-visible depression in the center. The 12-km circular crater near its center is Knox-Shaw. The more complicated 24-km crater to its left is Banachiewicz B. In the lower left, just outside the main rim of Banachiewicz is 27-km Schubert E and a part of 35-km Schubert F.
LPOD Photo Gallery Lunar Orbiter Images Apollo Images
An oblique northward look at Banachiewicz B is noticeable near the right margin of Apollo 16's orbital ITEK-panoramic frame AS16-P-5127.
Research: Danny Caes
Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Westfall, 2000: 1.68 km
- Named for Tadeusz Banachiewicz (February 13, 1882 - Novenber 17, 1954), a Polish astronomer and mathematician. He authored approximately 180 research papers and modified the method of determining parabolic orbits. In 1925, he invented a theory of "cracovians" — a special kind of matrix algebra — which brought him international recognition. This theory solved several astronomical, geodesic, mechanical and mathematical problems.
- This name was assigned in the Rectified Lunar Atlas (1963), based on Earth-based photos of the libration zones, and approved by the IAU in 1964, to which it was described as a 109 km diameter crater at 5.5°N, 80.5°E.
- In preparing its initial long list of farside names, the IAU Working Group for Lunar Nomenclature was initially unable to find evidence in space-based overhead views of a significant crater at that location, and announced at the August 1970 IAU meeting its plan of deleting the 1964 approval and reassigning the name to a farside crater now known as Schlesinger B.
- Subsequent to the 1970 meeting, Whitaker produced space-based images of the crater he had intended to name. The name was reapproved in Menzel, 1971 as representing the crater at "5°N, 80°E".
- The version of ACIC map LMP-3 from October, 1970 (prepared before the final IAU farside list had been published) labels Banachiewicz at the proposed changed location (the current Schlesinger B), as does the light blue colored farside map in Patrick Moore's Atlas of the Universe (1983). - DannyCaes May 25, 2008
- Banachiewicz is one of the larger craters of which the name (in this case: Banachiewicz) was not printed on the corresponding LAC-map of the Clementine Atlas of the Moon (B.Bussey/ P.Spudis).- DannyCaes Dec 12, 2009