From The Moon
Jump to: navigation, search


Lat: 21.2°S, Long: 128.9°E, Diam: 185 km, Depth: km, Rükl: (farside), Upper Imbrian


external image normal_Tsiolkovsky_AS17-139-21302HR.jpg

Apollo 17 image AS17-139-21302, South up


LPOD Photo Gallery Lunar Orbiter Images Apollo Images (see also: Tsiolkovskiy, north of, Tsiolkovskiy, west of , Tsiolkovskiy, northwest of, Tsiolkovskiy, south of, and Tsiolkovskiy, southeast of)

  • Plus two "forgotten" Hasselblad photographs of Tsiolkovskiy: AS12-47-6869 and AS12-47-6870. These two photographs are also online as King-Size Hi-Res; in Kipp Teague's PROJECT APOLLO ARCHIVE (Full Hasselblad Magazines).
  • AS15-91-12383 which is an extraordinary oblique Hasselblad of Tsiolkovskiy's central peak, looking like an "isle of chalk, surrounded by a sea of asphalt", was included on page 252 of the article TO THE MOUNTAINS OF THE MOON by Kenneth F. Weaver (NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, February 1972). Research: Danny Caes.
  • AS08-14-2450, which is one of six oblique Hasselblads of Tsiolkovskiy's central peak and immediate environs, shows a remarkable greenish coloration. This greenish/ bluish coloration is something which is noticeable on almost all of Apollo 8's color-Hasselblads of the moon. - DannyCaes Nov 22, 2007


(LAC zone 101B3) LTO map


Description: Wikipedia


Additional Information

  • Central peak composition: A, GNTA1, GNTA2, AT (Tompkins & Pieters, 1999)
  • Exterior impact melt deposits most extensive to SE, max of ~50 km beyond rim. Most extensive ejecta, rays and secondary craters to the SSE, with max wall slumping on SE side of crater, and topographically lowest rim crest to W (Hawke and Head, 1977).
  • Tsiolkovsky was formed by an oblique impact Craddock and Greely, 1988 with the projectile coming from the NNW; the presence of previous Fermi crater determined a lower west rim
  • Crater counting gives age of 3.51 billion years for mare on crater floor (Tyrie, A. (1988) Earth, Moon & Planets 42, #3, 245-264.
  • On the moon's globe, Tsiolkovskiy is almost the exact antipode of Aristarchus. Strange as it is, nearside crater Aristarchus has the most high-albedo inner slopes and floor of all the pronounced craters on the moon's surface, while farside crater Tsiolkovskij has the most low-albedo floor of all (or so it seems). Research Danny Caes.
  • TSI = 35, CPI = 20, FI = 25; MI =80 Smith and Hartnell, 1973
  • Tsiolkovsky was a Constellation Program Region of Interest.
  • Measurements of crater topography using Kaguya laser altimeter terrain profile graphs.- LunarJim Jul 21, 2011
    • Note: West rim is much lower than East rim. Summit of central peak is high point on a T-shaped ridge.
    • Crater depth: Measurements on 4 axes separated by 45 degrees.
    • Zero reference level = Moon average radius.
    • Average floor level (average of lowest levels on 4 axes) = -1831m
    • Average rim height (average of 8 rim data points) = +2970m
    • Average crater depth (average rim height to average floor level) = 4.80km
    • Deepest point on crater floor(from zero reference level) = -1877m
    • Max. crater depth (highest point on rim to deepest point on crater floor) = 5.91km
      Central Peak Height(above average floor level) = 2.76km


  • Named for Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (September 17, 1857 – September 19, 1935), an Imperial Russian and Soviet rocket scientist, physicist and pioneer of astronautic theory. Image (possibly a drawing) below is of Tsiolkovskiy.
    Credit: NASA images.
  • Discovered in Lunik 3 imaging of farside and named in Atlas of the Far Side of the Moon; approved by the IAU in 1961 (Whitaker, p 232).

LPOD Articles

The Beginning (Luna 3), Follow the Bouncing Boulder