Gilbert (with Geissler on its floor)
Lat: 3.2°S, Long: 76.0°E, Diam: 112 km, Depth: 3.7 km, Rükl: 49
LO-IV-178-h1; LRO-WAC image
Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Westfall, 2000: 3.7 km
- The IAU name honors two men:
- Grove Karl Gilbert (May 6, 1843 – May 1, 1918), was an American geologist. After the creation of the U.S. Geological Survey in 1879, he was appointed to the position of Senior Geologist and worked for the USGS until his death. Gilbert was a planetary science pioneer, correctly identifying lunar craters as caused by impacts, and carrying out early impact-cratering experiments. The fame he should rightly have deserved in this area was somewhat overshadowed by his equally careful attribution of the Meteor Crater in Arizona to a volcanic steam explosion.
- William Gilbert (May 24, 1544 – November 30, 1603), was an English physician and a natural philosopher. He was an early Copernican, and passionately rejected both the prevailing Aristotelian philosophy and the Scholastic method of university teaching. Scientifically, Gilbert is known for his investigations of magnetism and electricity. Gilbert was the originator of the term "electricity" and many regard him as the father of electrical engineering or father of electricity. Gilbert drew a pre-telescopic map of the Moon.
- The name Gilbert was given to this previously unnamed feature by Arthur and Whitaker in the Rectified Lunar Atlas (1963) and approved by the IAU in 1964 (Whitaker, 1999, p. 234). Their honoree was identified as G. K. Gilbert in Menzel, 1971.
- William Gilbert was apparently added as a second honoree at some later date. - Jim Mosher
- Don't confuse the name Gilbert with Hilbert (a crater on the moon's far side).- DannyCaes Aug 16, 2010
- Gilbert, G. K. 1893. The Moon's face: a study of the origin of its featuresBull. Phil. Soc. Wash. 12, 241.
About both William Gilbert and Grove Karl Gilbert:
- William P. Sheehan/ Thomas A. Dobbins: Epic Moon (Willmann-Bell 2001).
About Grove Karl Gilbert:
- Don E. Wilhelms: To a Rocky Moon; a Geologist's History of Lunar Exploration (University of Arizona Press, 1993).
The Urey-Gilbert Theory of lunar history, in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss)
- In Mysterious Universe, a handbook of astronomical anomalies (1979) :
- Page 246: Mascons: Lunar Mass Concentrations (P.M.Muller and W.L.Sjogren, Science, 1968).