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Apollo Basin

(unofficial name; IAU crater name: Apollo; 537 km diam)
Lat: 36.1°S, Long: 151.8°W, Main ring diam: 480 km, Depth: km, Rükl: (farside)

Image mosaic from USGS Map-A-Planet
external image normal_Apollo_Basin_LIDAR_LTVT.JPG
LIDAR Altimeter
Clementine LIDAR Altimeter texture from PDS Map-a-Planet remapped to north-up aerial view by LTVT. The dot is the center position and the white circle the main ring position from Chuck Wood's Impact Basin Database.


LPOD Photo Gallery Lunar Orbiter Images Apollo Images

Detection of a Concentric Crater at the northern part of Apollo
Several photographs of the moon's far side, made by ZOND 8, show the northern part of the Apollo basin. For example: Frame 41, which shows Apollo's north-northwestern part near the frame's upper-right corner (above the black disc with white numbers in it). Also above this black disc (about "halfway" between the black disc and the frame's upper margin) is a Concentric Crater noticeable. The exact location of this concentric crater is 31° South/ 154° West (west of the pair of craters Scobee and Smith).
This concentric crater is also noticeable near the lower part of the left margin of Lunar Orbiter 5's frame 30-h2.
Research ZOND 8 and Lunar Orbiter 5 photographs: Danny Caes
This concentric crater is in the list published by Wood in 1978.


(LAC zone 121A3) USGS Digital Atlas PDF LRO LOLA Topo Map (See 4.23.2010)

Basin Classification

(description of terms and most numeric basin data from Wood, C.A. (2004) Impact Basin Database)
Certainty of Existence
Wilhelms Age Group
Ring Diameters
Mare Thickness
240, 480, 720 km
1 km
No, -39 mG gravity anomaly


Additional Information

  • A small swirl of 275 km^2 is associated with Apollo (Hughes and others, 2006)
  • Two small pyroclastic deposits (area = 69 and 2 km^2) in unnamed craters, NE Apollo. Gaddis, L. (1999) Lunar Pyroclastic Volcanism Project.
  • Mare area of 18,300 km^2 according to measurements by Jim Whitford-Stark.
  • Discovered by Stewart-Alexander & Howard (1970)
  • Crater counts yield mare ages of 2.49 and 3.51 b.y. (N side), and 2.44 b.y. (S side), evidence of multiple periods of volcanism. Haruyama, J. and others, 2008.
  • Concentric Crater (CC) at 31° South/ 154° West (at the north-northwestern part of Apollo)(west of craters Scobee and Smith).
  • One of three basins with crustal thicknesses less than 5 km. The Crust of the Moon as Seen by Grail by Wieczorek et al (2013).


  • The IAU feature name honors the Apollo missions to the Moon. The name is a reference to the Greek God of light, Sun and other things.
  • A small dark region at 145°20' West/ 40° South (at the southeastern part of the basin Apollo; in the triangle of craters Lovell, Borman, and Anders) is called Lacus Apollo 8 by Danny Caes.
  • A rather large dark region at the southern part of the basin Apollo (in the triangle of craters Grissom, White, and Chaffee) is called Lacus Apollo 1 by Danny Caes.

LPOD Articles

The Other Apollo


  • Morrison, DA & DBJ Bussey (1998). The Apollo and Korolev basins and the stratigraphy of the lunar crust. Lunar & Planet. Sci. 28, 1501.
  • N. E. Petro; S. Tompkins; J. M. Sunshine; S. Besse; C. M. Pieters; J. W. Head; R. L. Klima; P. Isaacson; L. A. Taylor (2009). Distribution of Anorthositic and Noritic Material in the Apollo Basin AGU