Russell(formerly the northern part of Otto Struve)
Lat: 26.48°N, Long: 75.52°W, Diam: 103.37 km, Depth: 0.85 km, Rükl: 17
- Zond 7 (Russell and environs, evening light).
- IAU page: Russell
- Depth data from Kurt Fisher database
- Westfall, 2000: 0.85 km
- Cherrington, 1969: 1 km
- The IAU name currently honors two men:
- Henry Norris Russell (October 25, 1877 – February 18, 1957) was an American astronomer who, along with Ejnar Hertzsprung, developed the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (1910). He co-wrote an influential two-volume textbook in 1927 with Raymond Smith Dugan and John Quincy Stewart. This became the standard astronomy textbook for about two decades.
- John Russell (March 29, 1745 – April 20, 1806) was an English painter and selenographer renowned for his portrait work in oils and pastels, and as a writer and teacher of painting techniques. Russell was also interested in astronomy (he was a friend of Sir William Herschel) and in mathematics. He painted three of the best views ever of the Moon in 1795 and created a marvelous lunar globe.
- Collection of moon drawings by Russell exhibited at the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford from 24 May - 16 September 2007 (additional images including Russell's globe and Moon map).
- Russell's globe was displayed at a 2009 exhibit in Florence, along with some of the drawings used to create it.
- Name originally proposed by Wilkins and Moore for a small crater within "Paluzie"; shifted to a different crater in Rectified Lunar Atlas (1963) and approved by IAU in 1964 (Whitaker, 1999, p. 235).
- The name was originally meant to honor only Henry, but in 1970 a decision was made to add John to the list of honorees, and his biographical information was added to Menzel, 1971 .
- There seems to have been lots of other Russells in astronomy, such as Henry Chamberlain Russell (1836-1907, Australian astronomer and meteorologist).- DannyCaes Apr 16, 2011
- Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist. B.Russell is mentioned in Carl Sagan's COSMOS.- DannyCaes Mar 21, 2015
- Hill, Harold. 1991. A Portfolio of Lunar Drawings., pages 78, 79.
Henry Norris Russell in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss)
- In Mysterious Universe, a handbook of astronomical anomalies (1979) :
- Page 95: Venus as a Luminous Ring (Knowledge, 1907).
- Page 515: Observations of an Unidentified Object seen near the Sun on Sunday, August 7, 1921 (W.W.Campbell, Astronomical Society of the Pacific; Publications, 1921).
- Page 518: The Bright Object near the Sun (Nature, 1921).
- Another Russell (or Russells) is (or are) mentioned in :
- Page 109: A Review of some ALPO Venus studies (Dale P. Cruikshank, Strolling Astronomer, 1963).
- Page 154: Terrestrial Satellites: some direct and indirect evidence (John P. Bagby, Icarus, 1969).
- Page 197: On the Obscuration of the Lunar Crater Linne (W.R.Birt, American Journal of Science, 1867).