(discontinued IAU name; formerly Hercynian Mts)
|Lat: 23.9°N, Long: 79.5°W, Diam: 145 km, Depth: , Rükl: 17|
LO-IV-182H This name apparently was applied to the west wall of Struve, the 164-km diameter crater that occupies the right half of this image. The smooth-floored crater partially visible along the top edge is 19-km Russell B, and the relatively low arc in the extreme lower left corner is the northeast rim of 62-km Balboa B. The name Montes Hercynii appears to have embraced at least the central part of the "range" extending between these points; but its exact limits are unclear.
(IAU Directions) Hercynian Mountains, on the north-west limb, west of the walled plain Otto Struve. These are too near the edge to be well observed, but, from what can be seen of them, they appear to abound in lofty peaks, and to bear more resemblance to a terrestrial chain than any which have yet been referred to.
- The position and "diameter" given in the title line refer to the central part of the "range" shown in the Lunar Orbiter image. The original name may well have been intended to include the broad peaks at the top and bottom of the frame, in which case the center would be moved about 1 deg to the east, and the diameter increased to about 185 km.
- Hercynian Mts is said to be an ancient name for the Thüringer Wald Mountains (ref: Who's Who in the Moon).
- According to Whitaker (p. 220), the name Hercynii Montes was introduced by Mädler.
- The name Hercynian Mts was part of the original IAU nomenclature of Blagg and Müller (1935).
- The name was Latinized to Montes Hercynii in IAU Transactions XIIB (1964).
- The name was dropped in IAU Transactions XIVB (1970), where it was declared to be one of five lunar ranges "not clearly identifiable" on images taken from space. Note: Whitaker (p. 220) says the name was not used after 1961, but he appears to be in error.
- Assuming the range has been correctly identified here, on modern maps it would be regarded as the west wall of Struve.