Difference between revisions of "Bessel"

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Lat: 21.73°N, Long: 17.92°E, Diam: 15.56 km, Depth: 1.77 km, [/R%C3%BCkl%2024 Rukl: 24]<br />
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Lat: 21.73°N, Long: 17.92°E, Diam: 15.56 km, Depth: 1.77 km, [[R%C3%BCkl%2024|Rukl: 24]]<br />
 
|}
 
|}
[http://image.wikispaces.com/Bessel-LO4-090-h3.jpg [[Image:Bessel-LO4-090-h3.jpg|Bessel-LO4-090-h3.jpg]]][http://www.lpod.org/coppermine/displayimage.php?pid=1991&fullsize=1 [[Image:normal_Bessel_MSeren_SJP_7-21-2007.jpg|external image normal_Bessel_MSeren_SJP_7-21-2007.jpg]]]<br />  Left: ''Lunar Orbiter 4-090-H3'', Right: ''[http://lpod.org/coppermine/displayimage.php?pos=-1991 Simon J. Porter]'', '''Bessel''' is the small crater near the bottom of [/Mare%20Serenitatis Mare Serenitatis].<br /> <br /> <div id="toc">
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[http://image.wikispaces.com/Bessel-LO4-090-h3.jpg [[Image:Bessel-LO4-090-h3.jpg|Bessel-LO4-090-h3.jpg]]][http://www.lpod.org/coppermine/displayimage.php?pid=1991&fullsize=1 [[Image:normal_Bessel_MSeren_SJP_7-21-2007.jpg|external image normal_Bessel_MSeren_SJP_7-21-2007.jpg]]]<br />  Left: ''Lunar Orbiter 4-090-H3'', Right: ''[http://lpod.org/coppermine/displayimage.php?pos=-1991 Simon J. Porter]'', '''Bessel''' is the small crater near the bottom of [[Mare%20Serenitatis|Mare Serenitatis]].<br /> <br /> <div id="toc">
 
=Table of Contents=
 
=Table of Contents=
 
<div style="margin-left: 1em">[#Bessel Bessel]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Images Images]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Maps Maps]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Description Description]</div><div style="margin-left: 3em">[#Bessel-Description-Elger Elger]</div><div style="margin-left: 3em">[#Bessel-Description-Wikipedia Wikipedia]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Additional Information Additional Information]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Nomenclature Nomenclature]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-The Bessel Ray (the first named example of this kind of high-albedo rays?) The Bessel Ray (the first named example of this kind of high-albedo rays?)]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-LROC Articles LROC Articles]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-LPOD Articles LPOD Articles]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Lunar 100 Lunar 100]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Bibliography Bibliography]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-F. W. Bessel in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss) F. W. Bessel in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss)]</div></div>
 
<div style="margin-left: 1em">[#Bessel Bessel]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Images Images]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Maps Maps]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Description Description]</div><div style="margin-left: 3em">[#Bessel-Description-Elger Elger]</div><div style="margin-left: 3em">[#Bessel-Description-Wikipedia Wikipedia]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Additional Information Additional Information]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Nomenclature Nomenclature]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-The Bessel Ray (the first named example of this kind of high-albedo rays?) The Bessel Ray (the first named example of this kind of high-albedo rays?)]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-LROC Articles LROC Articles]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-LPOD Articles LPOD Articles]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Lunar 100 Lunar 100]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-Bibliography Bibliography]</div><div style="margin-left: 2em">[#Bessel-F. W. Bessel in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss) F. W. Bessel in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss)]</div></div>
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<br /> <br />  
 
<br /> <br />  
 
==Maps==
 
==Maps==
''([/LAC%20zone LAC zone] 42D2)'' [http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/LAC/lac42/ LAC map] [http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/usgs/I489/ Geologic map] [http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/LM/lm42/ LM map] [http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/LTO/lto42d2_1/ LTO map]<br /> <br />  
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''([[LAC%20zone|LAC zone]] 42D2)'' [http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/LAC/lac42/ LAC map] [http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/usgs/I489/ Geologic map] [http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/LM/lm42/ LM map] [http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/LTO/lto42d2_1/ LTO map]<br /> <br />  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
 
<br />  
 
<br />  
 
===Elger===
 
===Elger===
''([/IAU%20Directions IAU Directions])'' BESSEL.--A bright circular crater, 14 miles in diameter, on the S. half of the [/Serenitatis%2C%20Mare Mare Serenitatis], and the largest object of its class thereon. Its floor is depressed some 2,000 feet below the surrounding surface, while the walls, rising nearly 1,600 feet above the plain, have peaks both on the N. and S. about 200 feet higher. The shadows of these features, noted by Schroter in 1797, and by many subsequent observers, are very noteworthy. I have seen the shadow of a third peak about midway between the two. One may faintly imagine the magnificent prospect of the coast- line of the Mare with the [/Montes%20Haemus Haemus range], which would be obtained were it possible to stand on the summit of one of these elevations. It is doubtful whether Bessel has a central mountain. Neither Madler nor Schmidt have seen one, though Webb noted a peak on two occasions. I fail to see anything within the crater. The bright streak crossing the Mare from N. to S. passes through Bessel.<br /> <br />  
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''([[IAU%20Directions|IAU Directions]])'' BESSEL.--A bright circular crater, 14 miles in diameter, on the S. half of the [[Serenitatis%2C%20Mare|Mare Serenitatis]], and the largest object of its class thereon. Its floor is depressed some 2,000 feet below the surrounding surface, while the walls, rising nearly 1,600 feet above the plain, have peaks both on the N. and S. about 200 feet higher. The shadows of these features, noted by Schroter in 1797, and by many subsequent observers, are very noteworthy. I have seen the shadow of a third peak about midway between the two. One may faintly imagine the magnificent prospect of the coast- line of the Mare with the [[Montes%20Haemus|Haemus range]], which would be obtained were it possible to stand on the summit of one of these elevations. It is doubtful whether Bessel has a central mountain. Neither Madler nor Schmidt have seen one, though Webb noted a peak on two occasions. I fail to see anything within the crater. The bright streak crossing the Mare from N. to S. passes through Bessel.<br /> <br />  
 
===Wikipedia===
 
===Wikipedia===
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bessel_%28crater%29 Bessel]<br /> <br />  
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bessel_%28crater%29 Bessel]<br /> <br />  
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* IAU page: [http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/Feature/720 Bessel]
 
* IAU page: [http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/Feature/720 Bessel]
* Depth data from [/Kurt%20Fisher%20crater%20depths Kurt Fisher database]
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* Depth data from [[Kurt%20Fisher%20crater%20depths|Kurt Fisher database]]
 
** Pike, 1976: 1.77 km
 
** Pike, 1976: 1.77 km
 
** Arthur, 1974: 1.74 km
 
** Arthur, 1974: 1.74 km
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** Cherrington, 1969: 1.58 km
 
** Cherrington, 1969: 1.58 km
 
* Radar dark halo crater <span class="membersnap">- [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater [[Image:tychocrater-lg.jpg|16px|tychocrater]]] [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater tychocrater] <small>Oct 6, 2007</small></span>
 
* Radar dark halo crater <span class="membersnap">- [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater [[Image:tychocrater-lg.jpg|16px|tychocrater]]] [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater tychocrater] <small>Oct 6, 2007</small></span>
* Thermal anomaly crater, implying youthful age - [/Moore%20et%20al%2C%201980 Moore et al, 1980]
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* Thermal anomaly crater, implying youthful age - [[Moore%20et%20al%2C%201980|Moore et al, 1980]]
* Included in [/ALPO%20list%20of%20bright%20ray%20craters ALPO list of bright ray craters]
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* Included in [[ALPO%20list%20of%20bright%20ray%20craters|ALPO list of bright ray craters]]
 
* Central peak height - Bessel A
 
* Central peak height - Bessel A
** [/Wood%2C%201971 Wood, 1971]: 0.034 km <span class="membersnap">- [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater [[Image:tychocrater-lg.jpg|16px|tychocrater]]] [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater tychocrater] <small>Mar 17, 2008</small></span>
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** [[Wood%2C%201971|Wood, 1971]]: 0.034 km <span class="membersnap">- [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater [[Image:tychocrater-lg.jpg|16px|tychocrater]]] [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater tychocrater] <small>Mar 17, 2008</small></span>
* TSI = 15, CPI = 5, FI = 15; MI =35 [/Smith%20and%20Sanchez%2C%201973 Smith and Sanchez, 1973]
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* TSI = 15, CPI = 5, FI = 15; MI =35 [[Smith%20and%20Sanchez%2C%201973|Smith and Sanchez, 1973]]
 
<br />  
 
<br />  
 
==Nomenclature==
 
==Nomenclature==
  
 
* Named for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Wilhelm_Bessel Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel] (July 22, 1784 – March 17, 1846), a German mathematician, astronomer, and systematizer of the Bessel functions.
 
* Named for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Wilhelm_Bessel Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel] (July 22, 1784 – March 17, 1846), a German mathematician, astronomer, and systematizer of the Bessel functions.
* According to ''[/Whitaker Whitaker]'' (p. 219), this name was introduced by [/M%C3%A4dler Mädler].
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* According to ''[[Whitaker|Whitaker]]'' (p. 219), this name was introduced by [[M%C3%A4dler|Mädler]].
 
* Although the crater itself is depicted on it, the name '''BESSEL''' is absent on ''Philip's Moon Map; New Edition'' by John Murray and Peter Grego, 2003.<span class="membersnap">- [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/DannyCaes [[Image:DannyCaes-lg.jpg|16px|DannyCaes]]] [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/DannyCaes DannyCaes] <small>Apr 27, 2011</small></span>
 
* Although the crater itself is depicted on it, the name '''BESSEL''' is absent on ''Philip's Moon Map; New Edition'' by John Murray and Peter Grego, 2003.<span class="membersnap">- [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/DannyCaes [[Image:DannyCaes-lg.jpg|16px|DannyCaes]]] [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/DannyCaes DannyCaes] <small>Apr 27, 2011</small></span>
 
<br />  
 
<br />  
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<br />  
 
<br />  
 
==Lunar 100==
 
==Lunar 100==
[/Lunar%20100 L41]: Ray of uncertain origin near Bessel.<br /> <br />  
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[[Lunar%20100|L41]]: Ray of uncertain origin near Bessel.<br /> <br />  
 
==Bibliography==
 
==Bibliography==
  
 
* Young, RA (1977). A stratigraphic model for Bessel crater and southern Mare Serenitatis. Impact and Explosion Cratering [http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977iecp.symp..527Y (Ed by Roddy, Peppin & Merrill), 527-538]
 
* Young, RA (1977). A stratigraphic model for Bessel crater and southern Mare Serenitatis. Impact and Explosion Cratering [http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977iecp.symp..527Y (Ed by Roddy, Peppin & Merrill), 527-538]
 
* Drawing and text by Alika Herring. ''S&T'' January 1960, p. 169
 
* Drawing and text by Alika Herring. ''S&T'' January 1960, p. 169
* [/NASA%20SP-362 Apollo Over the Moon], Chapter 5: Craters ([http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-362/ch5.4.htm Part 4]), Figure 145.
+
* [[NASA%20SP-362|Apollo Over the Moon]], Chapter 5: Craters ([http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-362/ch5.4.htm Part 4]), Figure 145.
 
<br />  
 
<br />  
 
==F. W. Bessel in the ''Sourcebook Project'' (William R. Corliss)==
 
==F. W. Bessel in the ''Sourcebook Project'' (William R. Corliss)==
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[/Alphabetical%20Index Named Features] -- Prev: [/Bessarion Bessarion] -- Next: [/Bettinus Bettinus]<br />
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[[Alphabetical%20Index|Named Features]] -- Prev: [[Bessarion|Bessarion]] -- Next: [[Bettinus|Bettinus]]<br />
 
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  This page has been edited 1 times. The last modification was made by <span class="membersnap">- [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater [[Image:tychocrater-lg.jpg|16px|tychocrater]]] [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater tychocrater]</span> on Jun 13, 2009 3:24 pm - ''afx2u3''</div>
 
  This page has been edited 1 times. The last modification was made by <span class="membersnap">- [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater [[Image:tychocrater-lg.jpg|16px|tychocrater]]] [http://www.wikispaces.com/user/view/tychocrater tychocrater]</span> on Jun 13, 2009 3:24 pm - ''afx2u3''</div>

Revision as of 14:41, 15 April 2018

Bessel

Lat: 21.73°N, Long: 17.92°E, Diam: 15.56 km, Depth: 1.77 km, Rukl: 24

Bessel-LO4-090-h3.jpgexternal image normal_Bessel_MSeren_SJP_7-21-2007.jpg
Left: Lunar Orbiter 4-090-H3, Right: Simon J. Porter, Bessel is the small crater near the bottom of Mare Serenitatis.

Table of Contents

[#Bessel Bessel]
[#Bessel-Images Images]
[#Bessel-Maps Maps]
[#Bessel-Description Description]
[#Bessel-Description-Elger Elger]
[#Bessel-Description-Wikipedia Wikipedia]
[#Bessel-Additional Information Additional Information]
[#Bessel-Nomenclature Nomenclature]
[#Bessel-The Bessel Ray (the first named example of this kind of high-albedo rays?) The Bessel Ray (the first named example of this kind of high-albedo rays?)]
[#Bessel-LROC Articles LROC Articles]
[#Bessel-LPOD Articles LPOD Articles]
[#Bessel-Lunar 100 Lunar 100]
[#Bessel-Bibliography Bibliography]
[#Bessel-F. W. Bessel in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss) F. W. Bessel in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss)]

Images

LPOD Photo Gallery Lunar Orbiter Images Apollo Images

  • AS17-145-22271 and the four following photographs in Apollo 17's Magazine 145-D show close-ups of the Command Module America. In the background, near the lower left corner of this and the other four photographs, is crater Bessel and the remarkable ray-streak which runs over and alongside of it.
  • Apollo 15's orbital panoramic ITEK-camera frames AS15-P-9902 and AS15-P-9907 show Bessel during high sun illumination (scroll to the right).
  • Research orbital Apollo photography: Danny Caes



Maps

(LAC zone 42D2) LAC map Geologic map LM map LTO map

Description


Elger

(IAU Directions) BESSEL.--A bright circular crater, 14 miles in diameter, on the S. half of the Mare Serenitatis, and the largest object of its class thereon. Its floor is depressed some 2,000 feet below the surrounding surface, while the walls, rising nearly 1,600 feet above the plain, have peaks both on the N. and S. about 200 feet higher. The shadows of these features, noted by Schroter in 1797, and by many subsequent observers, are very noteworthy. I have seen the shadow of a third peak about midway between the two. One may faintly imagine the magnificent prospect of the coast- line of the Mare with the Haemus range, which would be obtained were it possible to stand on the summit of one of these elevations. It is doubtful whether Bessel has a central mountain. Neither Madler nor Schmidt have seen one, though Webb noted a peak on two occasions. I fail to see anything within the crater. The bright streak crossing the Mare from N. to S. passes through Bessel.

Wikipedia

Bessel

Additional Information


Nomenclature

  • Named for Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (July 22, 1784 – March 17, 1846), a German mathematician, astronomer, and systematizer of the Bessel functions.
  • According to Whitaker (p. 219), this name was introduced by Mädler.
  • Although the crater itself is depicted on it, the name BESSEL is absent on Philip's Moon Map; New Edition by John Murray and Peter Grego, 2003.- DannyCaes DannyCaes Apr 27, 2011


The Bessel Ray (the first named example of this kind of high-albedo rays?)

The 21st Century Atlas of the Moon (Charles A. Wood/ Maurice J.S. Collins) is perhaps the very first lunar atlas which has a name for the mysterious high-albedo ray running across Mare Serenitatis and crater Bessel. This ray is one of the most stubborn riddles in the history of moon observing and selenography. What is the source of this remarkable singular ray of ejecta? Is Bessel the source? Or is it a crater to the north of Mare Serenitatis? Or perhaps to the south?
It's very strange that this kind of pronounced rays (ejecta rays from impact craters) don't have official IAU names.
Anyway, Chart 11 (page 35) in the 21st Century Atlas of the Moon shows the informal name Bessel Ray just north of crater Bessel.
How many (ancient or recent) moonbooks have a description of the mysterious Bessel Ray in Mare Serenitatis?
- DannyCaes DannyCaes Aug 16, 2015

LROC Articles


LPOD Articles


Lunar 100

L41: Ray of uncertain origin near Bessel.

Bibliography


F. W. Bessel in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss)

- In Mysterious Universe, a handbook of astronomical anomalies (1979) :
  • Page 54: The Intra-Mercurial Planet Question (Nature, 1876). Note: in those days there was a lot to do about the supposed planet called "Vulcan", and almost every well-respected astronomer was involved in the investigation of this (so-called) Intra-Mercurial planet. To explore the large amount of Vulcan-related articles in Chapter 2 of Mysterious Universe is a most interesting and enjoyable pastime! - DannyCaes DannyCaes Mar 29, 2015

Named Features -- Prev: Bessarion -- Next: Bettinus


This page has been edited 1 times. The last modification was made by - tychocrater tychocrater on Jun 13, 2009 3:24 pm - afx2u3